DIRECTIONS

Migi (右) Right
Hidari (左) Left 
Ushiro (後ろ) Rear 
Mae (前 Front
Ue (上) Up 
Jodan (上段) Upper
Chudan (中段) Middle
Gedan (下段) Lower
Kamae (構え) Posture
Shita (下) Down  
Uchi (内) Inside 
Soto (外) Outside
Seiza (正座) Kneeling seated position
Suwari (座り) Seated
Tachi (立ち) Standing
Omote   front/forward
Ura   back/behind
Maai   timing and distance

 

Counting

1 Ichi (一)
2 Ni (二)
3 San (三)
4 Shi (四)
5 Go (五)
6 Roku (六)
7 Shichi (七)
8 Hachi (八)
9 Ku (九)
10 Ju (十)

 

General Terms

Bokken/Bukuto (木剣・木刀) Wooden sword
Iaito (居合い刀) Unsharpened Practice Sword
Waza (技) Technique
Hajime (始め) To start
Yame (止め) Stop
Kata (型) Form or Pattern
Reishiki (礼式) Bowing in/out
Ryu (流) School

 

Clothing

Hakama (袴) Wide/pleated pants
Himo (紐) Hakama’s cords
Keikogi (Gi) (稽古着) Training jacket
Obi (帯) Belt
Tengui (手ぬぐい) Bandana/Towel
Tabi (足袋) Traditional footwear

 

Technical Terms

Shidachi (仕太刀) Defender of the Attack
Uchidachi (打太刀) Attacker
Tanden (丹田) A spot 2 inches below navel and 2 inches in
Kumitachi (組立ち) Partner practice (bokken)
Mokuso (黙想) Meditate

 

Cuts

Tameshigiri (試し切り) Test cut
Chiburui (血振るい) Blood clearing
Nukitsuke (抜き付け) Draw and Cut
Noto (納刀 Re-sheathing the sword
Hasuji (刃筋) “Whishing” sound from cut
Kirioroshi (切り下ろし) Vertical down (chuden)
Makkogiri (真っ向切り) Vertical down (gedan)
Kesagiri (袈裟切り) Shoulder to hip
Gyakugesa (逆袈裟) Hip to shoulder
Dogiri (胴切り) Horizontal through torso
Ichimonji (一文字) Horizontal
Tsuki (突き) Thrust 

 

Body Terms

Do (胴 )Side of torso
Kote (小手) Forearm/wrist
Men (面) Face/head
In (陰) Motion of contracting the body
Yo (陽) Motion of expanding the body
Chuyo (中庸) Neutral position between In and Yo

 

Titles

Sempai (先輩) Senior
Kohai (後輩) Junior
Shihan (師範) Japanese Title meaning Model or Senior Instructor
Shidoin (指導員) Japanese Title meaning Instructor
Souke (宗家) Headmaster
Sensei (先生) Teacher

 

SWORD TERMS

Katana/Shinken (刀・真剣) Sharp Sword
Wakizashi (脇差) Short Sword
Saya (鞘) Scabbard
Koiguchi (鯉口) Opening of saya
Tsuba (鍔) Guard
Habaki (はばき) Ferrule
Sageo (下げ緒) Cord
Kurikata (栗型) Knob on saya
Tsuka (柄) Handle
Menuki (目抜き) Ornament on handle
Hi (火) Groove in blade
Mune (棟) Back of blade
Mekugi (目釘) Peg
Kissaki (切っ先) Point of blade
Hamon (波紋) Temper line
Monouchi (物打ち) Top 6 – 8” of blade

 

GREETINGS

Ohayo Gozaimasu (おはようございます) Good Morning
Konnichiwa (こんにちは) Good Afternoon
Konbanwa (こんばんは) Good Evening
Sayonara (さよなら) Good Bye
Onegai Shimasu (おねがいします) polite way to make a request (spoken when one wishes to practice with a fellow student or teacher and at the beginning of each class)
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita (どうもありがとうございました) Polite Thank you 
Dozo (どうぞ) Please